Heart Healthy Beats

Tidbits to keep your heart healthy

Weekend Fun

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What a weekend! The weather was beautiful, a little warm, but overall lovely.

The afternoon was spent at Elliott Family Farms for Heritage Days

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

But the morning started with Prince P’s first run.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The HOP 5k & 10K with the 1 mile fun run.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A sugar cane maze, story telling, horse and buggy ride, apple butter and BBQ awaited us after the run.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

We were thoroughly exhausted at the end of the day.

 

Eggplant was the center of attention for dinner Saturday night. I wanted something light and refreshing. I sliced this beautiful eggplant, that came out of a dear friend’s garden, dipped it in eggwash and breadcrumbs and baked for 30 minutes. Meanwhile, I opened two cans of tomatoes, added a few spices. Once the eggplant was finished I stacked and enjoyed.

I also tried out my new bread machine, given to me by my boss. Talk about a great hand-me-down.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

My first creation has so far been everyones favorite. Banana nut bread!! Delicious.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

I finished the weekend with a little work in the garden. The radishes were ready to be pulled up and I found a few okra lingering. I decided to try my hand at pickling these. I’ll let you know how that turns out.

 

I had one eggplant left that needed to be used, so I decided to stuff it. I was preparing sausage pizza for the kids so I used left over sausage, garlic and left over tomatoes from the eggplant Parmesan. Topped it with mozzarella cheese and baked. Served this with stewed tomatoes and okra and Italian and herb bread.

 

Even though the homework is waiting, I enjoyed being able to get back in the garden and kitchen this weekend.

Now its back to the books!

How was your weekend?

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How safe is our food?

Earlier this week, while finishing a lesson plan on MyPlate, I realized I could no longer access the website due to the government shutdown. This got me thinking, what else is affected by the shutdown? 

The Food and Drug Administration will have to cease most of its food safety operations. The FDA regulates 80 percent of the food supply and the administration will be unable to continue the majority of its food safety, nutrition and cosmetics activity.

“While the FDA will continue manning all meat production facilities with full-time inspectors, routine establishment inspections, some compliance and enforcement activities, monitoring notification programs (food contact substances, infant formula), and the majority of the laboratory research necessary to inform public health decision making will cease.”

Epidemiologists from the Centers for Disease Control will not be able to do microbial testing needed to track outbreaks back to their source.

WIC, Headstart and senior nutrition programs will not receive funding during the shutdown.

It is possible that nothing goes wrong with our food supply during this time but who can take that chance.

This weekend while I’m out and about, I will be looking for more than my usual crop from the farmer’s market and local farmers. Eating local makes even more sense to me during this time.

Sources:

http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/wonkblog/wp/2013/10/01/the-nine-most-painful-consequences-of-a-government-shutdown/

http://usnews.nbcnews.com/_news/2013/09/29/20745618-a-government-shutdown-what-could-it-look-like?lite

http://blogs.phoenixnewtimes.com/bella/2013/10/government-shutdown-affect-food-safety.php


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Tidbit Tuesday – More about B vitamins

Yes, this school work is kicking my tail but I am determined not to let you guys down. Thanks for bearing with me.

This week a lot of research has been put into B vitamins. Mostly Biotin, Pantothenic acid, Folate & B 12.

One of our discussions asked, “Does biotin and pantothenic acid really improve your hair texture and preserve its color?”

I thought this would also be a good topic for us to discuss. Do any of you take these supplements? Hair, skin and nails supplement?

Biotin

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Biotin & Pantothenic acid are B vitamins essential for growth. They support energy metabolism by helping breakdown and use food.

During my research search.  I found very little scientific data supporting the use of either. Deficiency in these vitamins is very rare. These supplements would not prove beneficial unless deficiency is present and biotin deficiency is linked to incomplete parenteral nutrition and nursing infants whose mother is deficient in the vitamin. This deficiency, although rare, results in skin rashes and hair loss.

So, bottom line, continue to eat a varied, nutritious diet and do not waste your money on these products as they likely doing nothing more than the food you eat. Healthy nails and hair comes from plant based foods, eggs, salmon, sweet potatoes, liver

Biotin food sources


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Tidbit Tuesday – B vitamins

This was this weeks threaded discussion in Vitamin & Mineral Metabolism:

The B-vitamins are considered energy vitamins by many. In fact, marketers refer to energy when these vitamins are included in products. Discuss the legitimacy of referring to these vitamins as the energy vitamins. If you agree with this term, give evidence for the claim. If not, give good reason why this claim should not be used.

b1

My post focused on the fact that b vitamins do not supply energy.

b2

Carbohydrate, fat and protein supply the fuel for energy.

b3

Continue reading


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Mediterranean diet and the heart

This was my threaded discussion topic for Intro to Vitamin and Mineral Metabolism:

Years ago, everyone spoke about the benefits of vitamin E and the heart. It was called the love vitamin by many. Other than functioning as an antioxidant, what would you tell consumers about vitamin E and cardiovascular health? What did you find in the literature that you want to share to support your argument?

After researching the benefits of vitamin E and finding that no studies support supplementing with vitamin E but all state a diet full of fruits, vegetables, fortified grains, nuts and seeds, my professor decided I should elaborate on the Mediterranean Diet since one of my studies mentioned it briefly. I thought you guys would get something out of this.

Oldways, the Harvard School of Public Health, and the European Office of the World Health Organization introduced the classic Mediterranean Diet in 1993 at a conference in Cambridge, MA, along with a Mediterranean Diet Pyramid graphic to represent it visually.

Med_pyramid_flyer

Parts of the Mediterranean region that has shown the lowest recorded rates of coronary heart disease, certain cancers, and other diet related chronic diseases along with the highest adult life expectancy are proven to eat a similar diet as the one displayed below. (Willett, et al., 1995) The healthfulness of this pattern is corroborated by more than 50 years of epidemiological and experimental nutrition research. The frequency and amounts suggested are in most cases intentionally nonspecific, since variation was considerable. The historical pattern includes the following (several parenthetical notes add a contemporary public health perspective):

  • An abundance of food from plant sources, including fruits and vegetables, potatoes, breads and grains, beans, nuts, and seeds.
  • Emphasis on a variety of minimally processed and, wherever possible, seasonally fresh and locally grown foods (which often maximizes the health-promoting micronutrient and antioxidant content of these foods).
  • Olive oil as the principal fat, replacing other fats and oils (including butter and margarine).
  • Total fat ranging from less than 25 percent to over 35 percent of energy, with saturated fat no more than 7 to 8 percent of energy (calories).
  • Daily consumption of low to moderate amounts of cheese and yogurt (low-fat and non-fat versions may be preferable).
  • Twice-weekly consumption of low to moderate amounts of fish and poultry (recent research suggests that fish be somewhat favored over poultry); up to 7 eggs per week (including those used in cooking and baking).
  • Fresh fruit as the typical daily dessert; sweets with a significant amount of sugar (often as honey) and saturated fat consumed not more than a few times per week.
  • Red meat a few times per month (recent research suggests that if red meat is eaten, its consumption should be limited to a maximum of 12 to 16 ounces [340 to 450 grams] per month; where the flavor is acceptable, lean versions may be preferable).
  • Regular physical activity at a level which promotes a healthy weight, fitness and well-being.

Moderate consumption of wine, normally with meals; about one to two glasses per day for men and one glass per day for women. From a contemporary public health perspective, wine should be considered optional and avoided when consumption would put the individual or others at risk.

A randomized trial of the Mediterranean diet and cardiovascular risk revealed that persons at high cardiovascular risk, eating a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra virgin olive oil or nuts reduced the incidence of major cardiovascular events. 7447 patients were assigned to one of three groups. One group ate a Mediterranean diet supplemented with extra virgin olive oil. Another group ate a Mediterranean diet supplemented with nuts. The last group ate a controlled diet. Participants were followed for a median of 4.8 years. Participants from all groups reported similar adherence to the diet at baseline. In this trial, an energy-unrestricted Mediterranean diet supplemented with either extra-virgin olive oil or nuts resulted in an absolute risk reduction of approximately 3 major cardiovascular events per 1000 person-years, for a relative risk reduction of approximately 30%, among high-risk persons who were initially free of cardiovascular disease. These results support the benefits of the Mediterranean diet for cardiovascular risk reduction. (Estruch, et al., 2013)

Estruch, R., Ros, E., Salas-Salvadó, J., Covas, M., Corella, D., Arós, F., et al. (2013). Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease with a Mediterranean Diet. The New England Journal of Medicine, 1279-1290.

Willett, W., Sacks, F., Trichopoulou, A., Drescher, G., Ferro-Luzzi, A., Helsing, E., et al. (1995). Mediterranean diet pyramid: a cultural model for healthy eating. The American Journal of Clinical Nutriton, 1402-1406.

Med-Foods-Table_BC_0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Have you tried the Mediterranean diet? What do you like most about it.


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Tidbit Tuesday – know your numbers

I had my Cholesterol checked last week and I wanted to share my results with you.

 

 

A1C: 5.7%

 

 

TC: 170 mg/dL      Goal: <200 mg/dL

HDL: 42 mg/dL     Goal: male >40mg/dL female >50mg/dL

TRG: 193 mg/dL     Goal: <150 mg/dL

LDL: 90 mg/dL       Goal: <100 mg/dL

 

 

What is Cholesterol? Cholesterol is a fat-like substance produced by the liver. It also comes from certain foods we eat.

What is “bad” cholesterol? Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) also is known as “bad” cholesterol. LDL is necessary in your body. However, high levels of LDL cholesterol can build up in your artery walls and contribute to heart attacks.

What is “good” cholesterol? High-density lipoprotein (HDL) also is known as “good” cholesterol. High levels of HDL cholesterol actually may help to clear away the damaging LDL cholesterol.

What are triglycerides? Fats in your blood that increase after you eat are known as triglycerides. High triglycerides in your blood in the presence of high LDL cholesterol increase your risk of heart disease.

What does total cholesterol mean? LDL, HDL, and triglyceride levels make up the total cholesterol number. It is important that you know your numbers; so, ask your doctor to share the number with you and keep a record for reference. You want to see if the number is trending up or down, or if it is staying level.

What can I do for better results? 

Follow these recommendations:

  • Reduce saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, and total fat in your diet
  • Control high blood pressure with diet and exercise, under a physician’s care
  • Avoid tobacco smoke
  • Eat a healthy diet
  • Exercise regularly
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Monitor diabetic risk or manage diabetes
  • Take any prescription medications your physician recommends to regulate your cholesterol, and continue with all of the above recommendations

Cholesterol: Making Heart-Healthy Choices

 

Choose

Once in a While

Avoid

Meat, poultry, fish, and shellfish—up to 6 ounces/day
  • Lean meats without visible fat
  • Poultry with skin removed
  • All fish
  • Shellfish
  • Fatty meats
  • Duck
  • Liver
  • Sausage
  • Bacon
  • Processed meats
Dairy products—two or more servings/day; three or four servings for pregnant or breastfeeding women
  • Skim and 1% milk
  • Low-fat yogurt
  • Low-fat cheese
  • Low-fat cottage cheese
  • 2%-fat dairy products
  • Part-skim cheese
  • Imitation hard cheese
  • Lite cheese
  • Whole milk
  • Cream
  • Half-and-half
  • Whipped cream
  • Whole-milk dairy products
Eggs
  • Egg whites
  • Cholesterol-free egg substitutes
  • Egg yolks—three or four/week
 
Fats and oils—5-8 teaspoons/day
  • Olive oil for cooking
  • Canola oil for baking
  • Spreads that are trans-fat free
  • Most nuts
  • Seeds
  • Avocados
  • Olives
  • Peanut oil
  • Trans fat
  • Saturated fat
  • Lard
  • Bacon fat
  • Coconut
  • Palm and palm kernel oil
Breads, cereals, pasta, rice, dried peas, and whole beans—six or more servings/day
  • High-fiber grains—3 grams of fiber or more/serving, including:
  • Cereals
  • Breads
  • Pastas
  • Crackers
  • Rice
  • Starches
  • Commercial baked goods, including:
  • Waffles
  • Muffins
  • Quick breads
  • Pancakes
  • Danish
  • Croissants
  • Doughnuts
  • Products made with saturated/trans fat oils
Fruits and vegetables—five or more servings/day
  • Low-sodium fruits and vegetables:
  • Fresh
  • Frozen
  • Dried
  • Canned
  • Canned fruit in heavy syrup
  • Coconut
  • Creamed vegetables
  • Vegetables with sauces
Sweets and treats—limit to one or fewer servings/day
  • Sorbet
  • Ices
  • Low-fat yogurt
  • Hard candy
  • Gummy candy
  • Gingersnaps
  • Plain popcorn
  • Pretzels
  • 100% fruit juice
  • Tea
  • Coffee
  • Homemade cakes, cookies, and pies
  • Ice milk
  • Pudding
  • Commercial granola bars
  • Ice cream
  • Chocolate
  • Commercial chips and snacks
  • Store-bought desserts
  • Candy

Now that I know what I need to work on, go learn your numbers and let me know about your results.

 

Resources :

http://www.americanheart.org/presenter.jhtml?identifier=3046103

http://www.nutrition411.com/